It was a bright cold day in April. The clock struck thirteen. Winston Smith was nuzzling his chin into his breast. Trying to make an effort to escape the vile wind. He slipped quickly through the glass of Victory Mansions but not quick enough to prevent a swirl of gritty dust entering with him.
Romeo and Juliet, a tale of romance, revenge, and tragedy all controlled by fate. In the Elizabethan era Christianity was pursued by many citizens, which had people believing that God had set out their life for them. William Shakespeare shows fate through the story of an ancient feud between two families which leads their children to commit suicide because of love. Fate is shown by the language used, such as metaphors, it is also presented by the plot and the co-incidence that follow in the script as well as the Iambic Pentameter, and the prologue. All of this was used in the play of Romeo and Juliet.
The concept of fate in Romeo and Juliet was presented by the language used. A metaphor is a figure of speech relating a word or phrase to an object.. The first uses of metaphor come in Act 1 Scene 4 when Romeo states “But he that hath the steerage of my course, Direct my sail.” referring to Romeo as “Sail” which is being controlled by “he” who is God. This reference that Romeo is a Sail on a boat and God is the captain steering this boat, is used very often to strengthen the idea that god is controlling their life. Another portrayal of metaphor is in Act 2 Scene 2 when Romeo speaks to Juliet and announces his love to her, he compares her to the sun “It is the East, and Juliet is the sun!” he explains Juliet as the sun because of her bright beauty. A metaphor is a simple piece use of text but can put a huge impact on the portrayal of the story.
Another portrayal of fate is through Shakespeare series of events and the co-incidences that follow. This relates to the Elizabethan era (1558-1603) which when a co-incidence occurred the society believed that it was a sign from God. An event where co-incidence takes place in Romeo and Juliet is when Rosaline rejects Romeo to love, Because of her vow of chastity. This causes Romeo to be depressed. Later on when Romeo and Benvolio randomly meet the Capulets servant on the street of verona he invites them to come to the party because Romeo reads out the invitations the servant has to deliver because of his disability to read. Benvolio jumps at the offer and suggests that they should go so Romeo could meet new attractive women better than Rosaline “That I will show you shining at the feast, And she shall scant show well that now shows best”. Romeo agrees to go but only because he thinks Rosaline may be there.. But when they get inside the Party Romeo falls in love with the Capulet’s daughter Juliet. This coincidence shows that if Rosaline did not reject Romeo he would have never gone to the party and met Juliet. The co-incidences of the play influence the rest of the story. Making it definite that Romeo and Juliet will fall in love and commit suicide together. When Benvolio and Romeo do meet the servant another coincidence occurs. This servant was sent out to give the invitations to the Capulet’s party, but he can not read so while going along the street trying to find someone to read the invitation. he finds Romeo and Benvolio who then are invited to the party after they read the invitations, to him. “If you not of the house of Montagues, I pray come and crush a cup of wine.” This event not happening would have made Romeo would never have gone to the party to then meet Juliet. Without these coincidences, this would ruin the domino effect. The story of Romeo and Juliet is the domino line and if something is taken out of the story the rest would have never happened thus the domino effect.
The Iambic Pentameter. This meter follows the storyline and the speech of the characters. This meter shows fate in some aspects. William Shakespeare is famous for using the Iambic pentameter in his plays. The Iambic Pentameter is a way of rhyming sonnet lines in ten syllables, but there are also versions of unrhymed iambic pentameter for example “Macbeth” another one of Shakespeare’s plays. The syllables in the meter alternate between stressed (DUM) and unstressed (de). Normally in Shakespeare’s plays, higher class characters speak in iambic pentameter and lower class characters speak normally (prose). The Iambic Pentameter has a stressed to an unstressed rhythm. An effect where an iambic pentameter can be related to is the Butterfly Effect. The butterfly effect is a theory where a small occurrence can change the course of the universe. This relates to fate when Romeo reads out the invitations the servant had, which then causes him to go to the party, fall in love with Juliet, marry her, and finally kill himself alongside her. Romeo could not have read the invitations and could have kept on walking but he didn’t and we may not no why but that’s fate.
Finally the prologue. The prologue is mentioned at the start of Romeo and Juliet to give the audience extra information on the story. Shakespeare uses this technique to give brief information about the story. Fate can be hidden in the script but the prologue is a very big indication of fate. The prologue sets up the idea of what is going to happen in the play but lets the audience experience the background of the prologue and lets them find out the reasons of why two lovers that their life. Shakespeare states in the prologue that “A pair of star-cross’d lovers take their life” telling the audience that a pair of lovers take their life but when the audience experiences the play they see the occurrence of fate that leads them to this. The term “star-crosse’d” refers back to the Elizabethan Era. most believed that their fate was almost predetermined and believed that their life was partly determined by the stars and planet. The meaning of crossed refers to that their fate has been crossed so that Romeo and Juliet will indefinitely end up together in some way.
William Shakespeare is one of the most influential writers ever, he shows the idea of fate extremely well in Romeo and Juliet. Showing that the characters did not choose their path but were lead to them through the will of god. Fate was repetitively shown in hidden ways through the techniques of William Shakespeare, like alliteration, metaphor and many more. This gives the audience many different emotions throughout the play like grief, suspense, sorrow, fear, relief and even excitement can be expressed through the tale of Romeo and Juliet. Do you think Fate is real and we are just characters being controlled by god or is it we have free will to our lives?
Location: A Churchyard with the Tomb of the Capulets
Time: Thursday Morning
Characters: Paris, Romeo, Balthasar, Friar Lawernce, Juliet, Captain of the watch, Second Watchmen, Prince, Capulet, Lady Capulet, Montague
Events: Paris arrives at the Tomb of the Capulets to grief about Juliet’s death. Paris encounters Romeo and thinks that Romeos is going to further damage the dead bodies so he steps in front of Romeo to stop him. Romeo appeals to Paris but Paris rejects him and they fight. Paris falls and dies. Romeo lies Paris in a tomb. and goes up to Juliet’s tomb and drinks the vile and dies. “Thy drugs are quick. Thus with a kiss, I die” Friar Lawernce appears at the Tomb and sees Balthasar and asks “Who’s there?” Balthasar replies saying he is a friend then he tells Friar Lawernce that Romeo is in there and that he has been in there for an hour and a half. Friar Lawernce enters the tomb and finds Romeos dead body. Juliet awakes and asks where is her Husband. Friar Lawernce delivers the new that Romeo is dead, Friar Lawernce hears a noise and says that they must leave now. Juliet disagrees and refuses to leave. Friar Lawernce exits. Juliet finds Romeo’s body and is annoyed that Romeo didn’t leave any of the poison for her. Juliet then grabs the dagger from Romeo and stabs herself in sorrow. The Capulets and Montague appear and agree on a truce and agree to build a statue of Romeo and Juliet together. The Prince comes and tells the family about what they have caused because of their feud. “For never was a story of more woe Than this of Juliet and her Romeo”.
Location: Friar Lawernce Cell
Time: Thursday Morning
Character: Friar John, Friar Lawrence
Events: Friar John calls for Friar Lawrence. Friar Lawrence comes and asks Friar John if Romeo has replied to the letter or has written his own. Friar John replies and explains to Friar Lawrence that he could not deliver the letter because of an infectious plague that stopped him from carrying on going to Mantua. Friar Lawrence asks if he couldn’t deliver who did? Friar John tells Friar Lawrence that sadly no one has delivered the letter. Friar Lawernce tells Friar John to bring his crowbar. Friar John leaves to get it. Friar Lawrence now must go to the Capulets Tomb to retrieve Juliet and bring her back to his cell before Romeo gets there. “Now must I to the monument alone, within this three hours will fair Juliet wake.
Time: Wednesday Morning
Characters: Romeo, Balthasar, Apothecary
Events: Romeo meets Balthasar and asks how his father is doing and ask hows Juliet’s. Romeo then asks if he has received any letters from the Friar but is told he has gotten none. Balthasar delivers news that Juliet is dead. Romeo then tells Balthasar “is it e’en so? then I defy you, stars” meaning he has been following gods plan but now he is going to defy him and ignore his faith and do what he wants to do. Romeo then meets an Apothecary who sells him a vile of poison because he is so poor Romeo tells the apothecary “that there is thy gold worse poison to means souls” meaning that the gold he has used to buy the vile is worse than the actually vile of poison. Romeo plans to travel back to Verona to kill himself next to Juliet.
Time: Wednesday Morning
Location: Juliet’s Bedroom
Characters: Nurse, Lady Capulet, Capulet, Friar Lawernce, Paris, Peter, First Musician, Second Musician
Events: The Nurse comes up to Juliet rooms to awake her but finds her unresponsive and presumes she’s dead. Lady Capulet and Capulet enter shocked and begin to greave but lady capulet does not seem that effect by this death. Friar Lawernce comes to collect Juliet and finds that she has drunk the vile and is in an unresponsive state. Friar Lawerence speaks out and says “you could not keep her from death, but heaven keeps his part in eternal life.” meaning that you could not have kept Juliet from death and that heaven will give her Eternal life. everyone leaves to prepare for a funeral instead of a wedding the musicians go into Juliet’s room and cast Rosemary onto Juliet. Peter enters, The Musicians and Peter start to insult each other for a while Peter then leaves and The second musician tells the first musician to forget about Peter and that they will wait for the mourners and that they will stay for dinner.
Time: Tuesday Night/Wednesday Early Morning
Location: Capulets House/Juliet’s Bedroom
Character: Juliet, Capulet, Lady Capulet, Nurse, First Servingman, Second Servingman
Events: The Capulets prepare for the wedding between Juliet and Paris. While this happens, Juliet tells her Father that she will obey him and marry Paris from this happening Capulet decides to move the wedding up to Wednesday instead of Thursday. Later that day Juliet is in her Room preparing to drink the potion Lady Capulet enters and asks Juliet if everything is Okay Juliet replies and that she is fine and that she would want to be left alone tonight. Lady Capulet leaves saying goodnight. Juliet prepares to drink the vile but keeps on rethinking it thinking that maybe Friar Lawrence wants to kill her but she believes that he is a Loyal man. Juliet finally Takes the drink but drinks for Romeo”Romeo, Romeo, Romeo! Here’s drink-I drink to thee.” Later that morning Capulet asks The Nurse to wake Juliet Because Paris has arrived. “Make haste, the bridegroom he is come already, Make haste, I say.”
Time: Tuesday Morning
Location: Friar Lawrence Cell
Characters: Friar Lawrence, Paris, Juliet
Events: Paris and Friar Lawrence start talking about the marriage between Paris And Juliet. Juliet comes in and requests to talk to Friar Lawrence. Friar Lawrence and Juliet Talk about the plan to stop here getting married to Paris. Friar Lawrence makes a plan that will involve Juliet sleeping alone that taking a liquid which will make her seem dead for 48 hours. Paris will come to her room and see here “dead” And tell Capulet as Tradition they will put Juliet into the tombs of the Capulets and then Friar Lawernce and Romeo will come to get her. Juliet leaves by saying “Love give me strength, and strength shall help afford which means that the love will give her strength which will help complete this plan.
Time: Very Early Tuesday Morning
Location: Juliet’s Bedroom
Characters: Romeo, Juliet, Nurse, Lady Capulet, Capulet
Events: Romeo and Juliet are in Juliet’s bedroom. Romeo explains he has to leave before the sun rises but Juliet disagrees and says it is not light yet. “Yond light is not daylight, I know it” The Nurse appears hastily and quickly tells Romeo and Juliet that Juliet’s mother is coming “Lady Capulet” Romeo is about to leave but asks from one kiss, Romeo exits. Lady Capulet enters and talks to Juliet. Juliet says she is not well and Lady Capulet believes that it is Tybalt’s death. Lady Capulet tells Juliet not to weep because the villain who slaughtered him is still alive which is Romeo. Juliet tells Lady Capulet to find a man to deliver a poison that Juliet will make to kill Romeo. Capulet Enters and tells Juliet that she will be getting married on Thursday to Paris. Juliet begs him to call off the wedding, But Capulet disagrees and tells Juliet to either come to the wedding or to never talk to him again. Juliet asks advice from the Nurse. The Nurse tells Juliet that Romeo is banished and that she would just marry Paris. “I think you are happy in this second match, For it excels your first”. Juliet disagrees and says that she will go to Friar Lawrence to ask for advice and if that fails she has the power to kill herself.